SOME ANTHROPOSOPHICAL AND OTHER PAGES, DEDICATED OR RELATED TO NATURAL SCIENCE AND MEDICINE 

 
  RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS, SOCIETIES AND GROUPS

The natural scientific section at Goetheanum
(almost only in German) 
Aufgaben allgemein 
Naturwissenschaft ist heute die Bewusstseinsgrundlage der Menschen in allen Lebensgebieten. 
        Die Naturwissenschaftlichen Sektion am Goetheanum leistet die anthroposophische Erweiterung der Forschung. Sie setzt dazu an den feststellbaren Tatsachen und dem sachgemässen naturwissenschaftlichen Umgang damit an und erfordert Schritte auf dem Schulungsweg. Die Verwandlung der Erkenntnisansätze in der Naturwissenschaft ist insbesondere für das Feld des sozialen Lebens wichtig. 
        Die Arbeit umfasst: 
        Wahrnehmung der Aktivitäten, Förderung und Durchführung der Forschung, die sich auf die Erweiterung der Naturwissenschaft durch Anthroposophie bezieht. 
        Die esoterischen Bedürfnisse der naturwissenschaftlich Forschenden aufsuchen, wie sie im Leben entstehen, besonders Aspekte des anthroposophischen Schulungsweges. Fragen der Zeit so aufgreifen, dass die neuen anthroposophischen Ansätze auf verschiedenen Lebensgebieten fruchtbar werden. Pflege des menschenbildenden Umgangs mit der Natur und der eigenen Naturanschauung.

The medical section at Goetheanum
(still only in German, but English and Spanish versions are in preparation)
Die anthroposophische Medizin basiert auf der naturwissenschaftlichen Medizin und wird nur von approbierten Ärzten ausgeübt.
       Sie fügt zu den naturwissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen die Forschungsergebnisse über das Wesen des menschlichen Lebens, der Seele und des Geistes hinzu, wie sie durch die Methoden der anthroposophischen Geisteswissenschaft R. Steiners erarbeitet werden.

The mathematical-astronomical section at Goetheanum
Page being reworked July 2000

The Science Group of the Anthroposophical Society in Great Britain 
The Science Group group exists to promote an understanding of scientific method and results, broadened and deepened by spiritual science; to maintain contacts among those with similar interests; to encourage collaboration and to publish and translate important contributions. 
        The group publishes a Newsletter twice a year which includes details of forthcoming meetings and courses, reports, book reviews, information on new publications and details of articles available from members. 
        Archetype, formerly titled Newsletter Articles Supplement and first issued in 1995, is for longer articles on science, epistemology and mathematics. Its peer-reviewed content, in English, comprises research and other relevant articles, short communications and any correspondence these generate. Editor: Dr David J. Heaf. 

IFGENE 
International Forum for Genetic Engineering 
Developing viewpoints and public awareness 
Ifgene has been formed to encourage a deeper dialogue about genetic engineering by giving special attention to the worldviews out of which people approach science, and the moral and spiritual implications of biotechnology. 

The Bolk Institute 
The Louis Bolk Institute is an independent research institute in Driebergen, the Netherlands. 
        It was founded in 1976 at a time, in which it was not yet possible to work on unconventional research methods within the conventional paradigm. 
        Since its founding it has encouraged research methods which focus on not only quantitative but also qualitative aspects. 
        The aim of the Louis Bolk Institute is to contribute to the scientific and social needs for innovative research. 
        At the Institute support is given to the scientific research of medical practitioners, farmers and dietitians who have an anthroposophical background or who are interested in anthroposophy or at least in a broader view of plants, animals and man. 
        The Institute currently employs 25 people in three research departments, including agriculture, medicine and nutrition. 

The Biodynamic Research Intitute 
in Jaerna, Sweden 
The aim of the Research Institute is to carry out scientific research, mainly regarding agriculture and nutrient issues. The guiding platform for the research work, is the theory of knowledge developed by Rudolf Steiner which has laid down the general outlines for the Biodynamic acriculture. 
        The Biodynamic Research institute was founded in 1988. Up to then it was part of "the Nordic Research Ring for Biodynamic Agriculture". Since autumn 1997 the institute is a part of the Rudolf Steiner High School.The research activities at the institute is a continuation of a work that began in the early 1950´s and which today form an alternative to conventional agriculture. 
        The centre of the activity is the Biodynamic farm. The farm itself with its fields, crops, animals and human beings, is the starting-point for studies concerning food quality, nutritive-and health values, environment,landscape and for the society in general. 
        The aim is to transform acriculture into a good-working and living organism in a positive inter-action with the surrounding environment and to be a fundamental part of a sustinable society. This demands deepened insight and knowledge as well in physical issues as in the living sphere which we meet in plants, animals and human beings. At the institute we try to transfer this knowledge to practical steps.

Paul Schatz Society 
The work of the society is to organize the extensive scientific and artistic material that forms the estate after Paul Schatz, who died in 1979, to encourage further research along the lines initiated by Paul Schatz and develop the potential of numerous ideas he had on new technology. 
        Schatz found that in addition to the old-established movements of rotation and translation (movement in a straight line) there is a third basic movement - rhythmically pulsating inversion. The new movement offers considerable potential for new technology. 
        Bringing the artist's approach to questions of space and the zodiac, Paul Schatz found, in 1929, that the Platonic bodies could be inverted or everted. The invertible cube he created is based on these laws; it, and the specific rhythms arising on inversion, provided the basis for all the work Paul Schatz did from that time on. 
        The study of the inversion of the cube led to among other things the construction of the "Turbula", a patented and widely used mixing machine.

Institut für Strömungswissenschaften
(Institute for Flow Sciences)
A research institute based on the work of Theodor Schwenk
Many people realise that the issue of water quality with not be solved only by looking at limits of contaminants. What is what we recognise as good water and experience as refreshing and how does it behave? 
        Our independent public research institute is devoting itself to precisely this question. We seek to understand water in its life-promoting context and are studying how to reveal its characteristics. A proper picture of this aspect of the quality of water is still a long way off.
        We take a phenomenological approach to flow scientific experimental studies on water and study the theory of knowledge that underlies a responsible way of dealing with water and thereby strive to contribute to a renewal of awareness for it. We develop an anthroposophically oriented scientific approach in this area by acknowledging the spiritual-supersensible aspects of natural phenomena.
 

METHODOLOGY

What is Goethean Science?
An introduction by David Eyes 
with an English Language Short Reading List in Goethean Science. 
      The site also contains an English translation of the series of 18 lectures by Steiner on The Relationship of the Diverse Branches of Natural Science to Astronomy (the complete "Third Science Course"). 
      (A summary by Jorge Resines of the "Second Science Course" by Rudolf Steiner, on warmth, can be found on another page at TheBee site. 
     The "First Science Course"; The Light Course by Rudolf Steiner Ten Lectures, 23rd December 1919 to 3rd January 1920 [ GA 299] held in Stuttgart to teachers at the first Waldorf school can now aldo be found in full on-line at e-lib. The site also contains full text versions of a number of other lecture series and written works by Rudolf Steiner. ) 

Toward a Holistic Biology 
Theory and practice. A tribute to Rolf Sattler and his work.
Illustrated abstract by Bruce K. Kirchoff, Department of Biology, University of North Carolina of a talk presented at the Botanical Society of America Symposium Plant morphology.

Putting soul into science
An online book
By Michael Friedjung, Research Director at the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS). 
Preface and book. Published by Southern Cross Review

Goethean science
Bringing chaos to order by looking phenomena right in the "I"
By Tom Mellet, Dept. of Physics Vanderbilt University Nashville, Tennessee

Computers in education
An alternative view
By Valdemar W Setzer, Dept of Computer Science, Institute of Mathematics and Statistics University of São Paulo, Brazil

The Computer
A Technological Manifestation Of The Spiritual Threshold
By Gottfried Straube

Capillary Dynamolysis
An introduction by David Heaf
 

SPECIFIC RESEARCH AREAS

Center for Alternative Medicine Research in Cancer 
- Mistletoe Summary 
By The Center for Alternative Medicine Research in Cancer at The University of Texas~Houston Health Science Center 
See also National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicne (NCCAM) 
Background 
First proposed in 1916 by Rudolf Steiner, mistletoe is one of the most widely used unconventional cancer treatments in Europe. 
      The liquid extract from the mistletoe plant (Viscum album L.) has been used for over 75 years to treat tumors, with active ingredients being viscotoxins and lectins. 
      Lectins are sugar-containing proteins that bind to sugar molecules of complex proteins and lipids on the surface of cells. 
      Certain lectins have both cell-killing (by stopping protein synthesis) and immunostimulatory activity, whereas viscotoxins are limited to killing cells by damaging the cell membranes, but not influencing the immune system. 

Research in Homoeopathy 
A short overview of a number of studies 
Homoeopathy developed long before the rise of modern scientific medicine and the placebo-controlled double-blind trial. 
      Some defenders of homoeopathy have claimed that it cannot be investigated in this way, but in fact there have been several studies in recent years which have conformed to objective scientific studies. 
      The majority of these have shown homoeopathy to have a measurable therapeutic effect; in other words, homoeopathy appeared to work better than an inert placebo. 
      From the site of  The Research Council for Complementary Medicine 

Projective geometry 
Projective geometry is a beautiful subject which has some remarkable applications beyond those in standard textbooks. These were pointed to by Rudolf Steiner who sought an exact way of working scientifically with aspects of reality which cannot be described in terms of ordinary physical measurements. 
        His colleague George Adams worked out much of this and pointed the way to some remarkable research done by Lawrence Edwards in recent years. 
        Steiner's spiritual research showed that there is another kind of space in which more subtle aspects of reality such as life processes take place. Adams took his descriptions of how this space is experienced and found a way of specifying it geometrically, which is dealt with in the Counter Space Page. 
        A brief introduction to the basics of the subject is given in a Basics Page. 
        The work of Lawrence Edwards is introduced in a Path Curves Page, and some explorations of his work on further aspects is described in a Pivot Transforms Page. This is mostly pictorial, with reference to documentation. 

YOU ARE INVITED TO EXPLORE! 
Nick Thomas

The descent of man?
A contribution by Paul Carline on the evolution of man

The fluent heart
By Philip Kilner and Guang-Zhong Yang

Sympathethic Vibratory Physics 
A page on a site dedicated to the work of John Ernst Worell Keely, connecting to viewpoints by Rudolf Steiner in the courses on Natural Science 
This wholistic merging of science, music, art and philosophy is based on the idea that everything in the universe vibrates. Therefore the connecting link between all that there is is vibration. 
        By studying the physics of vibration we will be enabled to see beyond material matter (effects) and into the very nature of the causative Forces of Nature operating by immutable Universal Laws. Aspects and dynamics of sound and vibration have been well organized and developed as and in music.

The Strader machine
By Brian Coolbyte

An Aristotelian interpretation of quantum mechanics  
A paper by Jos Verhulst 
Summary: 
The classical view on physical reality being composed of absolute objects and fields has been challenged by Niels Bohr, who proposed the elementary phenomenon as the basic constituent of reality. 
        This paper propounds a reformulation of the Copenhagen interpretation in terms of the Aristotelian concept of 'four causes'. This interpretation explicitely incorporates the irrational will-side of nature and leads to the conclusion that it could be impossible for life phenomena and life structures to undergo copying. 
        This conclusion is important for the study of consciousness, as many arguments used in the debate presuppose that life processes and living structures can be replicated or copied in principle.
 

LITTERATURE,  PUBLICATIONS AND DISCUSSION FORUMS

Anthroposophical Science Books  
Rudolf Steiner trained as a scientist in the 1880s, and he retained a keen interest in scientific investigation throughout his life. 
        He consciously spoke of Anthroposophy as Spiritual Science, believing fervently that the same standards of clear logical thinking that had been so successfully applied to the world of outer Nature could and should be used in the study of the inner world of the human being and the spiritual aspects of the world. 
        He was also very clear about some of the less positive results of detached "object-oriented" thinking, and today's Anthroposophical scientists strive to find new ways to work with the phenomena of the outer world that do not separate the observer from the observed. 
        In this they may find inspiration from the work of Goethe, whose scientific writings were edited by Rudolf Steiner, as well as from Steiner himself. 
        Some recently published books may give a taste of the methods of thought of a few anthroposophical scientists, and the results that they have achieved through these methods. 

Some literature in German 
on 
- Physik, Naturwissenschaften 
- Steigbildmethode 
- Äther 
- Landwirtschaft 
- Heilkunde, Medizin 
- Goethe 
- Kaelin 
- Kupferchlorid-kristallisation 
- Rudolf Hauschka 
- Paul Schatz 

Science Forum 
Published by The Science group of the anthroposophical Society of Great Britain 
Science Forum appeared in ten issues between the years 1979 and 1996 when it ceased publication. It was edited by Dr Howard Smith, Hedley Gange and latterly John Messenger. Its function has largely been replaced by the more frequently published Newsletter in combination with the journal Archetype

ANTHROPOS-SCIENCE MAILING LIST 
(ANTHROPOS-SCIENCE@READING.AC.UK)  
The anthropos-science@reading.ac.uk mailing list was set up on the 9th September 1994 with the following aims: 
- to enable scientists and others to communicate on scientific issues 
- to share news of progress and problems in ones own work to give and receive ideas and suggestions 
- to enable scientists to pose questions for feedback from others 
- to provide a worldwide forum for debate of scientific issues 
        The scientific basis of the discussions is intendeded to include the Spiritual Science initiated by Rudolf Steiner as well as the conventional science of today. The spiritual scientific activity of Rudolf Steiner produced the body of knowledge known as anthroposophy, hence the title of this mailing list (anthropos-science). 
        To subscribe to the list, write the single word subscribe (nothing else; no signature or anything else) in the body of an email (no "subject" needed) to anthropos-science-request@reading.ac.uk. To leave the list, write unsubscribe to the same address. To get help with retrieving archive files etc, write the single word help in the body of an email to the address. 

Other anthroposophical  
Mailing lists, Newsgroups och Forums  
Compiled by Marcel Solca 
Search at Anthroposophy.net - using categories and countries 
 

OTHER LINK PAGES

Forum für Anthroposophie, Waldorfpädagogik und Goetheanistische Naturwissenschaft
An Austria page on natural science and technique. Leads to a number of English pages, but also to a number of German pages, not found on this page.

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This page has been visited  times since June 19, 1998
Last updated July 7, 2000